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Généralités sur la Gouvernance Territoriale

Au cours des dernières décennies, plus que dans la sphère politique, on s’est grandement interrogé sur la légitimité de l’État dans le domaine économique. Aujourd’hui plus que jamais, c’est d’un État efficace capable de jouer un rôle aux côtés de citoyens, de collectivités locales et des marchés, dans la fourniture équitable des biens qui s’impose. le concept de gouvernance territoriale suppose à repenser les relations entre les différents acteurs économiques, sociaux et politiques et l’instauration de nouveaux modes d’élaboration des politiques publiques, centrés sur la négociation et la coopération. Toutefois, dispose-t-on d’un modèle de gouvernance territoriale ? Et étant liées à l’implication des acteurs, quelles sont les procédures démocratiques et modalités qui prévalent dans la gestion collective du territoire ? Cependant Avant d’entamer notre problématique nous essayons d’abord de mettre le point sur le cadre conceptuel de la gouvernance territoriale. On va présenter donc  à la fois le concept de la gouvernance territoriale son rôle et ses typologies.

BRAHIM BENDRIS <idbendris@gmail.com>

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